Agriculture and Food New Law

Agriculture and Food New Law

The new legislation for trade relations balance in the agricultural sector and healthy and sustainable diet (also known in French as "EGAlim") has been voted on November 1st 2018 and is now in force. This law aims at ensuring farmers to be paid at the right price so that they can live off their work. At the same time, it wants to improve the product quality in terms of health, nutrition and environment. The law also aims at providing healthy, sustainable and safe food for all.

1- Providing farmers a decent income

Eight key points aim at improving farmers’ income:

– Farmers set their prices based actual cost of production. A group of producers will actively participate in setting prices

– Setting production costs and market indicators benchmarks to ease trade negotiations

– Setting control and sanction procedures in case of non-compliance with the law. In parallel, mediation is consolidated for a better efficiency

– Opening renegotiations in case of commodity and energy price increases

– Government is granted power to legislate by order in cases of resale below cost

– Establishing minimum tolerated threshold of resale of food (10%). This measure is being tested for two years. It should allow the rebalancing of farmers’ margins

– Controling promotions volume and value. This measure aims to better pay farmers and agro-food SMEs

– Effectiveness of the prohibition of the price of abusive assignment through an order

2- Strengthening the sanitary and environmental production conditions

5 points were raised on the health and environmental conditions of production.

– Stoping the use of all harmful products, especially neonicotinoids, for biodiversity and bees

– Phytosanitary products: seperate sales and consulting operations

– Prohibiting promotions, discounts or rebates for these types of products to better regulate their use

– Titanium dioxide suspended in the manufacture of food products for nutritional reasons

– Implementating protection measure for people living near phytosanitary treatment areas

3- Ensuring animal welfare

The law protects and ensures animal welfare and provides for lasting changes:

– Organic products must contain 50% of sustainable products from January 1st 2022

– Preventing food waste will be strengthened

– Enforcing take away (doggy bag) in restaurants and drinking places

4-     Less plastic in food sector from 2022

The protection of the environment is one of the important points of this new law.

– Collective and local catering: no more food containers for cooking or reheating from 2050

– Restaurants, canteens and shops: plastic bags and straws will be banned from 2022

– School canteens: more plastic water bottles from 2020